From types of waistlines to different types of silhouettes, there are so many terms that define a garment’s overall shape, and we even see new ones every season. Find them all here!
A-line (ADJ.) [ay lahyn] A-line or A line silhouette has fitted bodice until the waist and flares out to create the shape of the letter A. Also A-line gown, A line dress. Unlike a ball gown, A-line silhouette doesn’t have a full skirt or puffiness.
Cape (N.) [kay-p] A cape silhouette is one that has a large plain surface of fabric at the back to give the illusion of a cape. It may either be created with exaggerated sleeves or with a cape (panel of fabric) attached at the neck or shoulders that falls at the back. Also cape coat, cape top, cape gown, etc. Also see butt cape.
Cold-shoulder (ADJ.) [kohld shohl-der] A silhouette with a cut-out at the shoulders to reveal exposed shoulders is called cold shoulder. Also asymmetric cold shoulder, cold shoulder dress, cold shoulder top.
Empire (ADJ.) [em-pahyuh r] Empire is a type of waistline or silhouette that is cinched or gathered just below the breasts and flares out from there. Also empire waistline, empire waist dress, empire waisted.
Halter (ADJ.) [hawl-ter] See halter in Types of Necklines.
High low (N.) [hahy loh] A trend in skirts, dress or tops where the front hemline is higher than the back is know as high low.
Mermaid (ADJ.) [mur-meyd] Mermaid gown style is fitted or body-hugging till the knees or calves, and then tapers or flares out to become a full skirt or train.
Mini (ADJ.) [mi-nee] A type of skirt, dress or silhouette that is above the knee but below the hips is called mini.
Modified A-Line (ADJ.) [mod-uh-fahyd ay lahyn] A modified version of the A-line silhouette, a modified A-line is fitted through the bodice and hips and gradually flares out to the hem forming an ‘A’ shape. Unlike the A-line, modified A-line silhouette doesn’t have a well-defined waist line. Also see A-line.
New look (N./ ADJ.) [noo luk, nyoo luk] A new look is a type of silhouette that has a cinched-in waist and puffy, exaggerated hips. The name “new look” was first used in 1947 by then Editor-in-Chief of Harper’s Bazaar, Carmel Snow to describe a bar jacket silhouette that Christian Dior had in his first ever collection in the same year. Read more about the Fall 2018 fashion trend of new look waistline.
Noodle strap (N.) [nood-l strap] A narrow shoulder strap on a dress or top that is nearly as wide as it is thick, like a noodle is called a noodle strap. Also noodle strap top, noodle strap dress.
Off-the-shoulder (ADJ.) [awf th uh shohl-der] A type of dress, top or silhouette whose sleeves or straps start below the shoulder-level is called off-the-shoulder. Also off-shoulder. Also see cold-shoulder.
Pagoda shoulder (N.) A type of shoulder silhouette where the shoulders follow a concave line, rising up at the outer corners, almost to create the shape of a Chinese pagoda is called pagoda shoulder. Also see shoulder pad in types of surface techniques.
Peplum (ADJ.) [pep-luh m] A type of silhouette with a gathered and typically cinched-in waistline and a short flared or ruffled flap of fabric attached to it.
Sheath (N.) [sheeth] See sheath in Types of dresses. Also sheath gown.
Strapless (ADJ.) [strap-lis] A type of dress, top or silhouette that doesn’t have sleeves or shoulder straps is called strapless. Also see off-the-shoulder.
Three dimensional silhouette (N.) [three dih-men-shuh-nuhl si-loo-et, three dahy-] A silhouette that uses poufy ruffles, flouncy frills, big sculptural sleeves or such elements that go outside the normal silhouette to occupy extra space is called three dimensional or 3D silhouette. Read more about the 3D fashion trend and 3d couture dresses.
Trail (V/N.) [treyl] A long fabric that is attached to the back of a dress and sweeps the floor is known as a trail. Also train.
Train (N.) [treyn] See trail.
Trumpet (ADJ.) [truhm-pit] Similar to the mermaid silhouette, a type of silhouette that is fitted through the bodice, waist and hips, but flares out at the thighs is called a trumpet gown or dress. Also see mermaid.
Waist cape (N.) [way-st kay-p] Waist cape is a silhouette wherein a front-open overskirt or two wide pieces of fabric are attached at the waist on trousers, a dress, skirt or gown at either side to give the illusion of a cape that starts at the waist. Also butt cape. Also see cape.