Knowing your fabrics is as important as your outfits. Are the fabric terms confusing you? Get set to know different types of fabric and clothing materials in our SlubWords fabric glossary here!
Brocade (N.) [bro-kay d] Brocade is a type of silk fabric that has a decorative raised design, usually woven with gold or silver threads. The designs feature repetitive floral patterns. Brocade is considered a rich, fancy fabric, used in fashion as well as upholstery.
Cashmere (N.) [kazh-meer] Cashmere wool, usually simply known as cashmere, is a luxury fiber obtained from cashmere goats and other types of goat. The word cashmere is an old spelling of Kashmir, the geographical region in the north of India and Pakistan. Common usage defines the fiber as wool but it is finer and softer than sheep’s wool.
Chiffon (N.) [shi-fon] Chiffon is a lightweight fabric with slippery texture. It is plain-woven sheer fabric or woven with alternate yarns that give a mesh-like and slightly crumpled look.
Cotton (N.) [kaw-tuhn] A soft, usually white, fibrous fabric composed of the hairs surrounding the seeds of various erect freely branching tropical plants (genus Gossypium) of the mallow family is called as cotton.
Crepe (N.) [kreyp] Crepe is a thin fabric that has a wrinkled appearance, made of silk or cotton or chiffon.
Denim (N.) [den–uh m] Denim is a thick, hard material made of cotton with a different weaving process, usually used to make jeans or jackets.
Faux-fur (N.) [foh fuhr] Synthetic fur is known as faux fur. Also see fur.
Faux-leather (N.) [foh leth-er] See rexine.
Fur (N.) [fuhr] Fur is referred to hairy layer of animal that is fine, soft and thick, usually used to make coats or a trim on apparel.
Georgette (N.) [jawr-jet] Georgette is a lightweight semi-sheer fabric made from silk.
Guipure (N.) [gi-pyoo r] A heavy lace consisting of embroidered motifs held together by large connecting stitches is called guipure.
Khaki (N.) [kah-kee] Khaki is a light brown fabric made of cotton or wool and is usually used to make military uniforms.
Lace (N.) [leys] Lace is a delicate translucent fabric that has a design of holes in it, usually made by twisting or knitting threads in a pattern.
Lamé (N.) [lah-mey] Lamé is a type of fabric that is knit with thin metallic fiber and is usually in gold, silver or in copper shades.
Latex (N.) [ley-teks] Latex is a glossy material made of rubber or plastic. It usually sticks to the skin when worn.
Leather (N.) [leth -er] Leather is a long durable fabric made of animal skin like cow, sheep, etc. by a chemical process called tanning.
Linen (N.) [lin–uh n] Linen is a fabric similar to cotton but is made from flax plant and is known for its strength.
Mousseline (N.) [moos-leen] A fabric that is stiff and semi-transparent is known as mousseline fabric.
Nylon (N.) [nahy-lon] Nylon is a type of strong synthetic fabric that is light weight.
Organza (N.) [awr-gan-zuh] Organza is a sheer, stiff lightweight fabric made of silk and wrinkles easily, often used to create more volume in a dress. Also tissue.
Pashmina (N.) [puhsh-mee-nuh] Pashmina is a fine type of Kashmiri wool, often used to make shawls.
Patent leather (N.) [pat-nt leth -er] A high-shine smooth and glossy finish of leather made from chemical coatings is called patent leather.
Plastic (N.) [plas-tik] See PVC.
Plexi (N.) [pla ksi] Plexi is a transparent plastic material and is waterproof. It is transparent PVC. See PVC.
PVC (N.) [PVC](Abbreviation- Polyvinyl Chloride) A glossy plastic-coated fabric, which can be transparent, translucent or opaque, resembling patent leather is called PVC. Also plastic. Also see plexi.
Rayon (N.) [rey-on] Any of a group of smooth textile fibers made from regenerated cellulose is called rayon. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton and linen.
Rexine (N.) [rex-een] Rexine is an imitation of leather fabric, which is made of synthetic products instead of animal skin. The term rexine is trademarked by Rexine Ltd in UK. Also see leather.
Satin (N.) [sat-n] Satin is a type of glossy, slippery fabric that is made with a combination of fabrics like silk, polyster or nylon.
Silk (N.) [silk] Silk is a lightweight, strong natural fiber with a lustrous finish.
Suede (N.) [sweyd] A soft velvety material obtained by sanding the inner layer of animal hide is called suede.
Tissue (N.) [tish-oo] See organza.
Tulle (N.) [tool] A lightweight fabric with firm netting, usually made of silk, nylon, polyester or rayon is called tulle. It’s commonly used for veils, gowns or ballet costumes.
Tweed (N.) [tweed] A thick and rough wool material with specks of different colors of wool is called tweed.
Wool (N.) [woo l] Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.